Mountain View Koi Club
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ENGLISH TO JAPANESE Dictionary by Douglas Dahl

In japanese, 'a' is like in father, 'i' is like in machine, 'e' is line in pet, 'u' is like 'oo' in hook and 'o' is like in horse
Koi Term (hyphenated to show pronunciation) (bold shows pitch accent)

1 metallic color Hi-ka-ri Mu-ji Mo-no
2 metallic colors; may also have black pattern Hi-ka-ri Mo-yo Mo-no
2 step red pattern ni-dan
3 colored koi; white base color with red and shiny black pattern markings; may have stripes on fins San-ke
3 step red pattern san-dan
4 step red pattern yon-dan
5 step red pattern on Kohaku go-dan
Ai Goromo with additional Sanke black spots Ko-ro-mo San-ke
Ai Goromo with additional Showa black pattern Ko-ro-mo Sho-wa
all other varieties of koi except those varieties listed in the show Ka-wa-ri-mo-no
armored or large scales yo-ro-i
Asagi bloodline with ligheter color and dark blue scales rimmed in lighter blue Na-ru-mi A-sa-gi
Asagi bloodline with very dark blue Ko-njo A-sa-gi
Asagi with a white line at the lateral line separating the blue top from the orange below Ta-ki A-sa-gi A-sa-gi
with lightest bloodline Mi-zu A-sa-gi
Baby koi born this year To-sai
back edge of red or black color pattern ki-wa
birthplace of koi in japan Ni-i-ga-ta
black su-mi
black and white koi with ghost appearance; may have white scales with black center Ma-tsu-ka-wa ba-ke
black base color koi with white, red or yellow pattern in stripes across body; black is wrapping below lateral line; often has moto goro U-tsu-ri
black base color with white stripes across body and red pattern markings; may have motogoro on pectoral fins and black fins Sho-wa
black koi with a gold sheen Kin-bo
black koi with a silver sheen Gin-bo
black koi with all white head, pectoral fins, tail fin and caudal fins Yot-su-shi-ro
black koi with gold edges on each scale Kin Ka-bu-to
black koi with red cheeks ancestor of Kohaku Hoo-ka-zu-ki
black koi with silver edges on each scale Gin Ka-bu-to
black koi with white or orange bellies Ka-ra-su-goi
black koi with white tips on pectoral and caudal fins Ha-ji-ro
black koi with white tips on pectoral and caudal fins and head and nose Ha-ge-sh-ir-o
black lightening mark across the face of a Showa men-wa-re
black lines on pectoral fins of Sanke te-ji-ma
black lips or mouth ku-chi zu-mi
black markings on top of red pattern on Sanke no-se zu-mi (sumi)
black markings on white base of Sanke tsu-bo zu-mi (sumi)
black pattern at base of pectoral fins on Showa, Utsuri or Hikari Utsuri mo-to gu-ro
black pattern at base of pectoral fins on Showa, Utsuri or Hikari Utsuri mo-to zu-mi
black pattern on top of red pattern in Sanke ka-san-e zu-mi (sumi)
black pepper speckels on red or white se-sa-me
black on the gill plate a-go su-mi
black scales outlined in white like an Asagi net pattern Su-mi-na-ga-shi
black spot on the head like that of a Tancho ku-ro
black spots appearing as a koi grows larger a-to su-mi
blue ai
blue grey koi with a brown pattern O-chi-ba Shi-gu-re
blurred or faded black Bo-ke Su-mi
bred, fancy carp in beautiful colors koi
brown koi; may have light black netting; "tea"="o-cha" Cha-goi
brushed reflective build up on top of scales in rows like brushed aluminum Dai-ya
brushed reflective sparkel build up on top of scales in rows like brushed aluminum; diamond Gin Rin Hi-ro-shi-ma Gin Rin
changeable red secondary pattern ni-ba-ni (niban hi)
checkerboard black pattern preferred on Showa i-chi-ma-tsu mo-yo
color i-ro
colored sho-ku
colors reversed u-ra
common carp Ma-goi
continuous red pattern from head to tail on Kohaku ip-pon
cross of Sanke and Ogon Ko-shi-ki
dappled cherry blossom red pattern Ka-no-ko
deep body of doitsu or German scale carp I-shu-gru-del
deep wrapping red pattern on Kohaku ma-ki-ga-fu-kai
Doitsu cross between Midorigoi and Shusui En-yu
Doitsu Hariwake with cloud like red pattern on sides Ki-ku-su-i
Doitsu koi with mirror scales on the dorsal and lateral lines on sides ka-ga-mi-goi
Doitsu koi with only mirror scales on the dorsal line Ka-wa-goi
Doitsu version of Asagi Shu-su-i
Doitsu white and black killer whale pattern Ku-mon-ryu
Doitsu with jumbled scales not in rows a-ra-goi or a-ra-go-ke
Doitsu with jumbled scales not in rows i-shi-ga-ki
Doitsu with large scale out of place mu-da-go-ke
dorsal fin se-bi-re
draining mud ponds to collect koi i-ke age
edge Ka-do
eye me
eye with red iris seen in Ki-goi a-ka-mi
face ka-o
figured or shaped mo-nyo
fin hi-re
first or best one i-chi-ban
fish scale go-ke
flowery patterned Shusui where the red extends down from the doitsu scales below the lateral line; a white line separates the red at the lateral line Ha-na Shu-su-i
four white areas on a black koi ho-tsu-ji-ro
front edge of red pattern where color goes under the scale sa-shi
fully scaled Japanese koi wa goi
gill era
gloss or shine on skin of doutsu te-di
gold and silver scales; shiney reflecting build up on top of scales in rows Kin Gin Rin
gold metallic Shusui with greater number of hred markings than Gin Sui Kin Su-i
gold metallic solid color koi with black pinecone pattern Kin Ma-tsu-ba
golden or silver sparkel scales Gin Rin
good bloodline in Sanke with excellent red and small black markings Sa-da-zo San-ke
Goromo with black netting Su-mi Go-ro-mo
Gosanke with tancho on head in addition to other pattern Ma-ru-ten
green colored koi Mi-do-ri goi
head ha-chi
horseshoe pattern on head of Kohaku ku-tsu-be-ra
imporving the color using food i-ro age
iron colored black bloodline Te-tsu Ma-goi
kiwa at the edge of full scales to formed scalloped edge ma-ru zo-me
kiwa with straight line across a scale ka-mi-so-ri
Kohaku bloodline Di-an-i-chi
Kohaku or Sanke with silver speckels on the head when young Fu-ji
Kohaku original name sa-ra-sa
Kohaku original name za-ra-sa
Kohaku red head pattern extends to the mouth ha-na-tsu-ki
Kohaku sub variety with head pattern resembling Napoleons hat Napoleon
Kohaku with dappled red pattern go-ten za-ku-ra
Kohaku with no red on the head (bald head) bo-zu
Kohaku with only red spot on the head Tan-cho
Kohaku with stepping stone pattern Da-ga-ra
Kohaku with stepping stone pattern dan-mo-yo
koi goi
koi Ni-shi-ki-goi
koi farm yo-gyo-en
koi with "a patch of snow" on head Yu-ki
koi with blue netting of scales on back and red on sides and belly A-sa-gi
koi with no red pattern in the tail region bon-gir-i
koi with no scales or with scales only on the lateral lines and dorsal Doit-su
koi with the whole surface of the scale sparkles Be-ta Gin Rin
laquer type black on Sanke ur-o-shi su-mi
largest red spot hi ban
last red patch on a Kohaku o-ji-me
light blue a-ke-bi
lightning or zig zag red pattern on Gosanke I-na-zu-ma
metallic Ai-goromo Sho-chi-ku-bai
metallic Ki Bekko To-ra O-gon
metallic Kohaku with dappled red pattern Kin-za-ku-ra
metallic koi with green lateral line scales on a platinum body Ha-ku-shu
metallic koi with Showa and Utsuri patterns and bloodline Hi-ka-ri U-tsu-ri Mo-no
metallic Konoko Kohaku Sa-ku-ra O-gon
metallic Kumonryu with additional red markings Ki-ko-ku-ryu
metallic Sanke (scaled) Ya-ma-to Ni-shi-ki
metallic Sanke (Doitsu) He-sei Ni-shi-ki
metallic shine on skin Hi-ka-ri
metallic Showa Kin Sho-wa
metallic Utsuri Gin Shi-ro Ut-su-ri
metallic yellow base colro koi with wrapping black pattern Kin Ki U-tsu-ri
modern Kohaku bloodline Ya-go-zen
Modern Showa with a lot of white pattern and less black and red Kin-dai Sho-wa
most revered varieties Kohaku, Sanke and Showa Go-san-ke
mouth ku-chi
mud black colored koi doro-goi
mud pond to grow koi Doro i-ki
non-metallic blue-grey koi So-ra-goi
number 1 i-chi
orange O-ren-ji
pattern mo-yo
pattern only on one side of the body ka-ta mo-yo
pectoral fin te
pectoral fins of an Ai Goromo Ha-go-ro-mo
pinkish white color ha-tsu-hi
pond i-ke
potential koi ta-te-goi
purple color mu-ra-ski
red be-ni
red hi
red as in red Bekko a-ka
red at base of pectoral fins of Kohaku te-aka
red disc on the head of a white koi as featured in the Japanese flag hi-no-ma-ru
red gill plates ancestor of Kohaku hoo a-ka
red head or face pattern ha-chi-bi
red head or face pattern ka-bu-to
red head or face pattern men-ka-bu-ri
red koi with white pectoral fin, caudal fin and tail fin tips A-ka Ha-ji-ro
red lipstick mark on mouth ku-chi be-ne
red on Kohaku extends all of the way to the tail with no tail stop zo-bon-ha-ki
red on the forehead zu-kin-ka-bur-i
red on the stomach of Kohaku ha-ra hi
red pattern at the base of pectoral fin in Gosanke mo-to a-ka
red pattern covered below lateral line ma-ki-ko-mi
red pattern from had to tail on Showa Hi jo-wa
red pattern wrapping around the stomach ma-ki-ba-ra
red, yellow or white koi with pine cone pattern in black Ma-tsu-ba
rippling blue water su-i
round ma-ru
sagging abdomen or stomach ha-ra-shi-ta
Sanke bloodline known for large size Ma-tsu-no-su-ke
Sanke with metallic pectoral fins bun-ka
Sanke with only red mark on the head Tan-cho San-ke
Sanke with top of body completely red with black spots A-ka San-ke
scale ur-o-ko
scale as in Gin Rin rin
shadow or phantom black Ka-ge
sheen of skin on a scaled koi tsu-ya
shiny spot in the center of each scale in rows Ni-I-ga-ta Gin Rin
shiny spot in the center of each scale in rows Ta-ma Gin Rin
shiny spot in the center of each scale in rows tsu-ba gin rin
shoulder sumi mark preferred on Showa ka-ta zu-mi (sumi)
Showa with Asagi netting pattern on the back Ka-ge Sho-wa
Showa with only red mark on the head Tan-cho Sho-wa
Showa with unfinished black pattern that appears as grey netting Bo-ke Sho-wa
Shusui where the doitsu scales have a silver shine Pearl Shu-su-i
Shusui with green replacing the blue zu-i-un
Shusui with red wrapping from the belly all the way up to the dorsal Hi Shu-su-i
Shusui with yellow replacing the red pattern Ki Shu-su-i
silver grey metallic koi Ne-zu O-gon
silver metallic koi with black pinecone pattern Gin Ma-tsu-ba
silver metallic Shusui Gin Su-i
single color metallic koi O-gon
single step, unbroken red pattern Nip-pon Hi
single step, unbroken red pattern o-mo-yo
single white scale in color spot ko-ke-su-ki
size BU
skin ha-da
skin texture ji-ha-da
small black spot on less than 1 scale of a Kohaku shi-mi
small red pattern on Kohaku ko mo-yo
small spots of red like paint splashes to-bi hi
solid color koi with black in th center of Doitsu scales Doit-su mat-su-ba
solid red koi A-ka Mu-ji
star like shape of red pigment stretched as koi grows which fills in to solid red later ho-shi
stomach tumor cho-man
tail fin o-bi-re
tail stop o-do-me
tail stop o-zu-ke
thick luster around scales fu-ku-rin
thin red color ko-be-su-ki
three san
three colored koi" from Taisho era Tai-sho San-sho-ku
two ni
two metallic color koi with black netting Ku-ja-ku
two metallic color koi with gold and silver patterns and no black; sometines has its own class Ha-ri-wa-ke
unstable, flat black color pattern na-be su-mi
Utsuri with red body Hi U-tsu-ri
Utsuri with white body Shi-ro U-tsu-ri
Utsuri with yellow body Ki U-tsu-ri
V shaped black mark behind the head on a Showa ha-chi-wa-re
very deep red koi Be-ni goi
water mi-zu
white shi-ro
white base color koi koi with red pattern covered with blue/purple netting like a cluster of grapes Bu-do San-ke
white base color koi with 5 colors with red pattern and blue, dark blue and black net pattern on red and white Go-shi-ki
white base color koi with red and wrapping black markings Sho-wa San-sho-ku
white base color koi with red pattern and blue or black netting only on the red pattern Go-ro-mo
white base color koi with red pattern and blue or black netting only on the red pattern Ko-ro-mo
white base color koi with red pattern covered with blue netting Ai Go-ro-mo
white base color with shiny black spot pattern Be-kko
white metallic koi Pu-ra chi-na
yellow ki
yellow yam-a-bu-ki